Shifting from toxic fossil and nuclear fuels to hydrogen made from the sun, wind and water with waertime-speed.
“Why use up the forests which were centuries in the making
and the mines which required ages to lay down, if we can get the
equivalent of forest and mineral products ins the annual
growth of the hemp fields?"
The Phoenix Project
Shifting to a to a Democracy and "Solar Hydrogen Economy"
Unlike other energy plans proposed by the last eight Presidents, Al Gore, John McCain and or T. Boone Pickens, the Phoenix Project plan to shift to a Solar Hydrogen Economy is the only detailed technical and economic proposal that can make the U.S. energy independent of not just imported oil, but all fossil & nuclear fuels by 2020, by mass-producing wind and other solar powered hydrogen production systems that could have been mass-produced in the 1920s.
Solar Hydrogen Energy Technologies
There are a wide range of solar energy technology options, including photovoltaic cells, that generate electricity from sunlight quietly with no moving parts, as well as solar thermal technologies, which include line-focus trough systems, central receiver power towers, and point-focus dish engine systems. Other solar technologies include wind, wave, ocean current and ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems. Of all of these primary options, wind systems have been able to generate electricity for significantly less cost, although recent major advances have dramatically increased the efficiency and simultaneously reduced the cost of photovoltaic systems.
A residential solar hydrogen home powered with photovoltaic solar cells.
However, with the exception of OTEC systems, which will be discussed in more detail below, all of the other solar technology options have a fundamental problem that has limited their use, which is that they are intermittent resources. The sun only shines during the day when the weather permits, and wind systems often operate at night, when there is little or no need for the electricity.
This is why wind and other solar technologies are typically only able to operate about 30 percent of the time, and no one can predict when that 30% of the time will be. As such, most solar technologies are unpredictable. Utility companies refer to this problem as "dispatchability," which simply means that when someone flips a light switch, they expect the power to go on 24/7, regardless of weather conditions (unless of course storms knock out all of the power).
That is why utilities prefer to use power plants that are fueled by hydrocarbon fuels like coal, natural gas and other fossil fuels or uranium-fueled nuclear power plants, and since hydrogen is a universal fuel, all of the existing fossil fuel and nuclear facilities can also be modified to use hydrogen made from cannabis, or from water with electricity generated by the wind and sun.
The Holy Grail of Energy
The Hydrogen Atom
Hydrogen is the simplest, lightest and most abundant element in the
universe, and it has long been viewed as the Holy Grail of energy and
sustainability because it can unite all energy sources with all energy
uses, and it can be a completely non-toxic and carbon-free, "universal
fuel" that can displace the use of gasoline, diesel fuel, natural gas
and all other fossil and nuclear fuels worldwide by powering every
existing vehicle and power plant with wind-powered hydrogen production
and engine conversion technologies that were in use in the 1800s.
electricity, hydrogen can be stored and transported in trucks,
pipelines and ships, and delivered to markets worldwide, and unlike
electricity, hydrogen is a universal fuel that can power any existing
engine, power plant, or appliance, including a Coleman stove operating
on a mountain top, as well as the engines of the Saturn V Moon Rockets
and the Space Shuttle.
Hydrogen makes wind and other solar technologies practical for large-scale use because it solves the intermittent problem of the wind, which changes its velocity from second to second, and other weather-dependent solar technologies by passing the electricity from the wind and other solar technologies through water, which causes the water (H2O) to be split into its primary elements of hydrogen and oxygen.
This process is referred to as electrolysis, and it was first officially demonstrated in the year 1800. Thus if the wind is blowing in the middle of the night, it doesn't matter because the electricity can be used for hydrogen production, and hydrogen is the only "universal" fuel can then be used to power any existing automobile, aircraft, ship, train or power plant that is now fueled by coal, diesel, natural gas or uranium. As such, hydrogen production is what makes wind and other solar technologies "dispatchable" and therefore practical.
Benjamin Franklin was one of the early and passionate investigators of electricity, and in June 1752 he attached a metal key to the bottom of a dampened kite string and proceeded to fly the kite in an electrical thunderstorm. But producing and using electricity was a difficult process, and it was not until the year 1800 that an Italian scientist, Alessandro Volta, demonstrated that it is possible to predictably produce an electrical current by soaking paper in salt water, with zinc and copper electrodes on opposite sides of the paper so the current could flow from the chemical reaction.
With this predictable source of electricity, it only took a few weeks before Sir Anthony Carlisle, an English surgeon and his colleague William Nicholson, a renowned English chemist, discovered that when the electrical current was passed through water, a process now called electrolysis, the water molecules (H2O) are separated into hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O).
It is important to note that the process of electrolysis is approximately 60 to 80 percent efficient, which means more energy is used than is generated from the process. This is only a problem if the electricity is being generated from a depletable energy resources like fossil or coal nuclear fuels, but if the electricity is provided by a renewable solar energy resources, the resulting solar hydrogen system can operate indefinitely.
The first hydrogen fueled automobile was built in 1807, and in the 1920s and 1930s, thousands of engines and vehicles in UK and Germany, including submarines, were modified by Rudolph Erren to use hydrogen and gasoline interchangeably. In 1923, the use of sea-based wind powered hydrogen production systems was proposed at Cambridge University by John Haldane, a professor of genetics and biochemistry who was well aware that photosynthetic plants had been making hydrogen from water with sunlight for billions of years.
However, it was not until the 1974 that the first international scientific and engineering conference on hydrogen energy was organized and Chaired by T. Nejat Veziroglu, a professor of engineering at the University of Miami, who was also Director of the university’s Clean Energy Institute. The Conference was held in Miami Beach, Florida and it was called "The Hydrogen Economy Miami Energy (THEME) Conference," where the concept of a Hydrogen Economy was formally proposed.
The International Association
for Hydrogen Energy (IAHE.org)
"T. Nejat Veziroglu
Professor of Engineering & IAHE President
Making Hydrogen from the Sun, Wind & Water
Note the spherical hulls that are used in the Windships both above and below, where the crew will live and work. Electricity generated from the wind turbines is used to separate seawater into oxygen and hydrogen, while providing a vast sanctuary for the fish and other marine organisms that are now being hunted into extinction.
OTEC plants are the only solar energy system that operates 24-hours a day, seven days a week, regardless of weather conditions, and OTEC systems generate vast quantities of fresh water and seafood as by-products. Note that the wind systems could also be installed on top of the OTEC system.
In addition to conventional land-based wind systems and other solar technologies, such as photovoltaic cells, either sea-based Windship or Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) hydrogen production systems can also displace all fossil and nuclear fuels now used worldwide forever, while saving ocean ecosystems in the process. Hydrogen fuel can be manufactured from water with any source of electricity, but the Phoenix Project baseline assumptions focus on wind systems because they presently generate electricity for less cost than any other solar energy, fossil fuel or nuclear technology, and they can be rapidly mass-produced like automobiles on a scale to permanently displace the use of all fossil and nuclear fuels worldwide.
While the U.S. has vast land areas for wind systems, it has equally vast ocean areas that could be utilized. Sea-based "Windship" hydrogen production systems, like those pictured above, could in and of themselves allow the U.S. and other countries to eliminate the need to rely on the rapidly diminishing fossil and nuclear fuels, while providing a vast sanctuary for the remaining fish and marine organisms on the seabed floor that are in the final stages of being hunted into extinction. Indeed, according to a wide-range of scientific studies, the global ocean ecosystems are already over 90% dead, and deploying large fleets of sea-based wind systems may be the only action that will allow the remaining marine organisms to recover (please refer to the Ocean Destruction paper attached on the Papers button link on this websites navigation bar).
The sea-based wind system image on the top was provided courtesy of Norsk Hydro, whereas the lower image on the left of a Windship hydrogen production system was initially published by National Geographic in December of 1975 and was developed by William Heronemus, a former naval architect and Professor of Engineering at the University of Massachusetts, who pointed out that from a technology perspective, both OTEC and wind-powered hydrogen production systems could have been mass-produced in the 1920s. Note that the tugboat is delivering the crew that live and work in the submerged spherical hulls that also contain the electrolyzers that extract hydrogen from the seawater with the electricity generated by the wind turbines.
The OTEC system shown above was developed by Lockheed in the 1970s, and Lockheed engineers also developed detailed designs on how to modify existing commercial aircraft to use liquid hydrogen fuel, which are shown below in this report. OTEC systems use the largest solar collector on the Earth, which are the tropical oceans. OTEC systems were first developed in the 1800s by a French physicist, and field tested in the 1920s off the coast of Cuba, but what makes them unique is that they are the only Earth-based solar power technology that can operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week. This is because the temperature differentials in the tropical oceans, which power the OTEC cycle, are constant.
Like wind systems, OTEC systems alone also have the potential to displace all fossil and nuclear fuels now used worldwide, and they can be engineered to generate both vast quantities of fresh water and seafood as by-products. It is why mass-producing a mix of such renewable systems can provide sustainable prosperity without pollution for the global human community. While the Regan administration terminated the OTEC research and development effort, Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin) has continued to develop OTEC systems, which are shown on their website.
A Solar Hydrogen Production Island
The image shown above shows a hybrid Solar Hydrogen Island where several OTEC power plants could also
be integrated with both wind and photovoltaic solar cells.
A Brief History
of Hydrogen-Fueled Automotive Vehicles
While hydrogen has been used to fuel all of the Saturn V moon rockets and the Space Shuttles, in 1807 Francois Isaac de Rivaz of Switzerland designed the first internal combustion engine that ran inside the first automobile (below left). In 1860, Etienne Lenoir of France invented a hydrogen-fueled 1-cylinder, 2-stroke vehicle (below center), which was called the "Hippomobile."
1807 1860 1933
In the U.S., Roger Billings, a young engineer in Provo, Utah first modified his family's lawnmower to use hydrogen fuel when he was still in high school, and in 1966, he proceeded to modify his father's Model A Ford (upper left) for his high school science project. In 1972, when he was a student at Brigham Young University, he and his team modified a Volkswagen (upper center) to operate on hydrogen, and they won first place for emissions in the Urban Vehicle Design Competition in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Atmospheric air is approximately 78% nitrogen and only about 22% oxygen, and the high combustion temperatures in internal combustion engines causes oxides of nitrogen (NOX) to form from the nitrogen in the air.
In order to reduce NOX emissions, Billings and other automotive engineers, including those at Los Alamos National Laboratory and BMW, have injected water into the cylinders to reduce the engine combustion temperature so the oxides of nitrogen would simply not be created in the first place. Indeed, the hydrogen-powered Volkswagen was shown to actually clean the ambient air and as such, it was given a negative number for unburned hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide. In 1977, Roger Billings designed a hydrogen-powered Cadillac Seville (upper right), as part of a Hydrogen Home project he developed.
A Hydrogen Hummer
In 2004, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger worked with the engineers at General Motors to have his Hummer modified to use gaseous hydrogen fuel as part of California's Hydrogen Highway project.
Hydrogen-Fueled Internal Combustion EnginesHydrogen is the only "universal fuel" that can power any existing internal or external combustion engine, appliance or power plant. As such, rather than waiting for costly fuel cells or other new hybrid or plug-in vehicles, it is far less expensive and much quicker to simply modify all of the existing internal combustion engines and vehicles to use hydrogen or gasoline with a flip of a switch. Hydrogen can be stored as a solid in hydride materials, as a compressed gas or a cryogenic liquid, which most closely simulates gasoline in terms of weight, range and volume.
Liquid Hydrogen-Fueled Vehicles
A 1979 liquid hydrogen fueled Buick modified and tested at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, with a self-service pump and LH2 cryogenic storage Dewar.
Investigators at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in New Mexico modified the 1979 Buick pictured above to operate on liquid hydrogen fuel, which most closely resembles gasoline from a perspective of volume, weight and engine performance.
The self-serve hydrogen pump is attached to a white cryogenic liquid hydrogen storage tank, and in their final report, the Los Alamos investigators led by Dr. Walter Stuart, concluded that liquid hydrogen could be safely used in vehicles by members of the general public.
Liquid Hydrogen-Fueled BMW Vehicles
BMW is the only major automobile manufacturer that has been modifying its vehicles to use liquid hydrogen for over 30 years because it is the only pollution-free fuel that does not force their customers to give up performance, range or the luxury of driving a full-sized vehicle. The hydrogen BMW still has its gasoline tank as a reserve tank, and the engine can use either fuel with the flip of a switch.
A Hydrogen-Fueled BMW V-12 Engine and Liquid Hydrogen Storage System
BMW has also modified its smallest and most fuel efficient vehicle, the Mini Cooper (upper left), to operate on liquid hydrogen, which is stored under the rear passenger seats, as well as the world's fastest liquid hydrogen-fueled race car, which has exceeded 180 mph.
Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Fuel cells, which were first developed in the 1800s, are able to create electricity from combining hydrogen and oxygen. Fuel cells were successfully used in the space program are also being developed for automotive applications, such as the General Motors "Hy-Wire" fuel cell vehicle that is pictured above. The Hy-Wire system that does not have any of the conventional mechanical parts between the driver and the wheels because like advanced aircraft, everything runs on electronic sensors and motors. However, the cost of fuel cells is still very high.
The initial small fuel cells used in vehicles being tested in California cost over a million dollars each, and even in mass-production, GM estimated that the cost of the fuel cells would still cost between $50,000 to $100,000, which would exceed the cost of the car itself. While fuel cells may be practical at some point in the future, given the senior scientists at the National Academy of Sciences have stated that fossil fuels need to be phased-out, the only practical solution is to simply modify existing vehicles and engines to use hydrogen as well as gasoline with the flip of a switch.
Oil Company Considerations
Given that large amounts of hydrogen are required to make gasoline from oil, the major oil companies are well aware of its use. However, all of the oil companies now obtain the hydrogen they need from nonrenewable natural gas and other hydrocarbon resources where the hydrogen atoms are chemically bonded to carbon atoms. Unfortunately, the oil companies are only focused on making hydrogen from natural gas, coal, uranium and other energy resources that are highly-polluting and rapidly diminishing worldwide.
Hydrogen Safety Considerations
Hydrogen is the simplest, most abundant and lightest element in the known universe, and because it is lighter than air, it goes up and away within seconds if a leak or accident occurs. This is why hydrogen is much safer than gasoline or other hydrocarbon fuels, where the hydrogen is chemically bonded to carbon, which is heaver than air, and therefore causes the hydrocarbon fuel to stick to passengers like glue and form explosive mixtures when leaks and accidents do occur.
While the images of the Hindenburg accident were horrific, it is important to note that according the the official accident report, two-thirds of the passengers and crew survived the accident.
Liquid Hydrogen Tankers
The liquid hydrogen tanker pictured (above left) was built in the U.S. in the 1970s by General Dynamics. Fleets of similar cryogenic tankers are now used worldwide, primarily for transporting liquid natural gas (LNG). However, unlike liquid hydrogen, LNG tankers and storage facilities are very dangerous because the hydrogen in natural gas is all chemically bonded to carbon. This allows the LNG to collect in large pools and form highly-explosive mixtures. The advanced liquid hydrogen supertanker pictured on the right, which looks more like a cruse ship, is being developed in Japan by Kawasaki Heavy Industries.
Hydrogen can be transported as a cryogenic liquid in tankers just as oil is, except that oil is highly toxic and dangerous if it is spilled, whereas hydrogen is completely non-toxic, non-polluting and relatively safe in the event of accidents or spills. If the Exxon Valdez was transporting liquid hydrogen instead of oil, no ecological damage would have occurred as a result of the accident. It is worth noting that even though the accident took place more than 20 years ago, the estimated 11 million gallons of oil that was spilled has never been able to be cleaned up and is still contaminating the Alaskan environment.
While the BP Oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 is estimated to have released over 200 million gallons of oil, according to the Oil in the Sea report published by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), over 1 trillion gallons of oil is released each year not from accidental spills, but from simply using the oil as a fuel and as a lubricant. This is a major factor why the NAS has warned that the use of oil and other fossil fuels are rapidly making the earth itself uninhabitable.
The Liquid Hydrogen "Supergrid"
The above image was generated by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)
Unlike electricity, hydrogen can be stored and delivered to national and international markets by cryogenic tanker trucks, ships or underground pipelines that can also be engineered to transmit electricity as well as the hydrogen. The so-called "Smart" grid proposals that are now being proposed by the Obama administration involve condemning private property in order to build thousands of miles of conventional unsightly and inefficient high-voltage transmission lines across the country, which will ultimately cost over a trillion dollars. The reason the conventional transmission lines are placed up in the air is because they are hot, which is due to the fact they are leaking energy, and the heat is then dissipated into the atmosphere.
The Phoenix Project proposal, by contrast, calls for building a cryogenic Interstate Hydrogen "Supergrid" system that was first proposed in the 1970s and is now being developed by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), which is the largest utility research group in the U.S. The hydrogen pipelines would be able to carry highly-efficient superconducting high-voltage transmission lines underground, as well as the gaseous and liquid hydrogen fuel that will be made from electricity ideally made from the wind and other solar and geothermal resources. As the Supergrid image above also shows, a magnetically levitated train could also be incorporated in the system.
Liquid Hydrogen-Fueled Aircraft
In order to modify existing aircraft, Lockheed engineers in the 1970s simply located the two liquid hydrogen storage tanks (Dewars) in the fuselage of the aircraft. This would make hijacking the aircraft virtually impossible because the flight crew is separated from the passenger compartment by one of the liquid hydrogen storage tanks. The takeoff weight of the hydrogen-fueled aircraft was reduced by over 40%, the aircraft was stronger and much safer in the event of accidents; the wing area was smaller; and the engines were quieter and required less maintenance because hydrogen combustion does not produce organic acids or carbon deposits in the engines
A proposed Lockheed liquid hydrogen-fueled L-1011 aircraft shown above is being refueled by the two spherical highly insulated liquid hydrogen storage tanks (referred to as Dewars) that are located in the distance.
Boeing’s Liquid Hydrogen-Fueled Superdrone
The Hydrogen-Fueled Saturn V Moon Rockets
& Space Shuttles
Liquid hydrogen has been used as a primary rocket fuel because it has the greatest energy per weight of any fuel. This is why it has been used by NASA to fuel all of the Saturn V moon rockets as well as the fleet of Space Shuttles. Note the three liquid hydrogen-fueled engines, which are located on the tail of the Space Shuttle, where the light-blue hydrogen flame is almost invisible. This is in contrast to the solid-fuel rocket boosters (SRBs) that are located on the sides of the shuttle's main hydrogen and oxygen fuel tanks.
While the hydrogen engines are essentially pollution free, the SRBs emit a highly toxic aluminum exhaust, which damages the atmosphere each time the Shuttle is launched. It is important to note that when the Columbia Space Shuttle exploded in 2003, it was not the liquid hydrogen systems that caused the problem, but the seals on one of the SRBs that failed, which then caused the spacecraft to explode, killing all of the astronauts on board.
The Earth is the only planet in the known universe that can sustain humanity and the other mammals, yet the arth's biological life-support systems are in the final stages of being made uninhabitable because of humanities reckless exploitation, chemical contamination and mindless addiction to non-renewable fossil and nuclear fuels, which are both highly-polluting and rapidly diminishing worldwide. It is why a "transition of substance" to a Solar Hydrogen Economy needs to be implemented with wartime-speed (i.e., by 2020).
The Silver Bullet
The Phoenix Project plan will provide a fundamental solution to the energy and economic crisis, as well as many of the most serious environmental problems by rising from the ashes of oil and other fossil fuels to a Solar Hydrogen Economy with wartime-speed with technologies that could have been mass-produced in the 1920s.
It is important to note that the Phoenix Project plan that complies with the specifications and warnings of professor James Hanson, NASA’s chief climate scientist, and the senior scientists at the National Academy of Sciences, that fossil fuels need to be phased out within 10 years or humanity will pass a tipping-point of no return, which will destabilize the climate to such an extent that the earth’s primary food production systems will fail. Indeed, the tundra and methane ice crystals in the Arctic are now rapidly melting, which could release hundreds of times more carbon into the atmosphere than is now generated from burning fossil fuels, which underscores the need to shift to a Solar Hydrogen Economy with wartime-speed.
Carbon dioxide levels are already at 400 parts per million and they need to be less than 300 in order to minimize the impact of the worldwide global famines that have already begun. Scientific studies have documented that the global ocean ecosystems are now more than 90% dead from the free market forces of unregulated overfishing and the remaining fish are so contaminated from mercury and radioactive isotopes emitted from coal plants they are unfit to eat. The major forest ecosystems in the Rocky Mountains and the Cascades are being destroyed from the warmer temperatures, and the bees, which are critical in pollinating food crops, are disappearing, along with the bats and frogs as part of a global mass-extinction event that is already well underway. This time it is not the reptiles, but the mammals that are at risk.
There is a remarkable precedent for such a transition of substance. Some 3.5 billion years ago, the Earth's population of protein-scale nanobes and micron-scale microbes they created was exponentially increasing, and as such, they were also faced with a mass-extinction event because their non-renewable hydrocarbon reserves in the primordial soup were rapidly being consumed. Their solution was to re-industrialize their civilization around photosynthetic microbes and plants that could extract hydrogen from water with solar energy, and this system has been successfully working on a global scale with no pollution ever since.
Although President Obama has spoken about the need to emphasize renewable energy technologies, his expenditures are less than 1% of what are needed, and because he and his advisors assume there is no "silver bullet" solution, they are continuing to pursue all energy options, including offshore drilling, coal, corn-based ethanol and carbon and nuclear energy options that waste both time and money because they will never be able to make the U.S. energy independent -- much less energy independent of fossil and nuclear fuels, which are rapidly diminishing and highly polluting.
The U.S. currently spends over $1 trillion annually on fossil fuel energy sources, and should be conservatively spending at least $1 trillion annually for nuclear energy programs, especially given the entire U.S. fleet of nuclear reactors should be decommissioned, and none of the nuclear wastes have ever been "cleaned up" or properly stored for the eons that will be required.
A Renewable Rate of Return for Wind Hydrogen Systems
Given the USA now uses just under 100 quads of energy annually, approximately two million two megawatt wind-powered hydrogen production systems would be able to displace all of the fossil and nuclear fuels, and because wind systems are like automobiles from a manufacturing perspective, they could be mass-produced in less than 2 years once the tooling is in place.
According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the global demand for energy in 2011 was approximately 520 Quads, and roughly 60 percent of that amount was lost as waste heat. As such, approximately 12 million two megawatt wind powered hydrogen production systems, operating with a 30% capacity factor, would permanently replace the use of all of the toxic and non-renewable fossil and nuclear fuels now used worldwide. And because the U.S. has vast land and offshore wind resources, this reindustrialization effort has the potential to transform the U.S. from being the world's largest debtor nation and energy importer into a multi-trillion dollar hydrogen energy exporter with a fuel that is non-toxic, pollution-free, and exhaustible, thereby providing a renewable rate of return on the investment.
It is worth noting that unlike the current economic stimulus proposals, the Phoenix Project solar hydrogen re-industrialization effort would not be creating short-term make-work jobs, but millions of high-quality private sector jobs that would generate over a trillion dollars of wealth annually with hydrogen production and end-use technologies. And because solar-sourced hydrogen is both inexhaustible and pollution-free, it will fundamentally eliminate many of the most serious climate change and other environmental and related health care problems with technologies that could have been mass-produced in the 1800s. This underscores the fact that the obstacles to this “transition of substance” are not technical or economic -- they are political.
The Democracy Amendment
Elections come and
go, but very little changes regardless of who gets elected. Given this
reality, and given that the current two party system of government in
the U.S. is so fundamentally corrupted by multinational oil and other
corporations and other special interests, only a fundamental change to
the U.S. Constitution can resolve the problem.
The Democracy Amendment that is posted on the DemocracyAmendmentUSA.net website would transfer political power from the lobbyists and two political parties to the majority of U.S. Citizens, which is the "trigger mechanism" for implementing a Solar Hydrogen Economy because it would make lobbying and bribery by corporations illegal. While most people assume the U.S. already has a democratic form of government, such misinformation only serves the interests of corrupt elected officials and lobbyists who write the bills that most members of congress do not even read before they vote to approve them.
The key difference in a Republican form of government compared to a Democracy is that a Republic is "representative" government, which is in and itself rule by the tiny few (i.e., far less than one-half of one percent of the citizens in the USA are elected representatives), but given the way the seniority system in Congress works, an even much smaller number of Committee Chairman are empowered to not only conduct business in secret, but they alone get to determine which bills are even allowed to come to come up for a vote in the Congress.
Thus lobbyists only have to bribe and otherwise influence a tiny number of the already tiny number of elected officials that are elected to the Congress, and with the unverified computerized voting machines that are easy to hack and are now in widespread use, even the elections are highly suspect. In a Democracy, however, the majority of the citizens would be in charge, which means the lobbyists would have to bribe literally millions of citizens in order to get their way. While the first democratic form of government was in ancient Greece, at present, the only country that has a true democratic form of government is Switzerland.
Utopia or Oblivion
It is important not to forget that due to the Exponential Age in which we live, humanity is rapidly accelerating into a technological "utopia" of molecular medicine that by eliminating aging and disease will give birth to a new biocybernetic species: Homo Immortalis. Such extraordinary developments, however, are dependent on avoiding the ecological "oblivion" of mass-extinction that is already well underway. and the decisions made in the nest few years will determine which future evolves. For details on the critically important nature of exponential growth, please refer to the Phoenix Project video documentary and the Exponential Icebergs paper that are both posted in the video and papers section of this Phoenix Project Foundation website.
For a discussion of the scientific, ethical and religious implication of such developments, please refer to the Revealing Science of God paper that is available on the shop.PhoeinxProjectFoundation.us ebookstore.
Take Action Now
to implement Democracy in the USA
and a Solar Hydrogen Cannabis Economy
Go to the DemocracyAmendmentUSA.net website and download the
Article V Citizen Ballot, fill it our, and mail it as a verifiable paper ballot to your
Secretary of State, where it can be verified, counted and archived.
To contact the Phoenix Project Foundation or schedule an interview with Harry Braun,
please send an email to the address listed below.
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